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Edgar Cayce (1877-1945), dubbed the "Sleeping Prophet" by biographer Jess Stern , was a precursor of "New Age" trance channeling, giving well over 14,000 "psychic readings" between 1910 and his death. A poorly educated photographer and Sunday-school teacher with no medical training whatsoever, Cayce gained nationwide renown for diagnosing illnesses and prescribing dietary and other remedies while in a self-induced hypnotic state. His current promoters claim:
He could see into the future and the past . . . describe present far-off events as they were happening; and . . . astound doctors with his x-ray vision of the human body. His readings-his words while in this state-were carefully transcribed while they were spoken. He is undoubtedly the most documented psychic who ever lived. And the accuracy of his predictions has been put at well over ninety percent! At his death, he left a legacy of thousands of case histories that science is still at a loss to explain completely.
Cayce's career as a clairvoyant began in 1901 after a hypnotic session with a "magnetic healer." In a trance, Cayce supposedly diagnosed the source of -- and prescribed a cure for -- his own persistent case of laryngitis. According to Mysteries of Mind, Space & Time -- The Unexplained (1992), Cayce similarly helped the hypnotist, who proposed that they use this method to cure others. When Cayce refused, his laryngitis recurred. Interpreting the recurrence as a divine gesture, he formed a partnership with the hypnotist. Mysteries states that whenever Cayce decided to quit giving "readings," he lost his voice or developed a severe headache. As news of the "healings" spread, thousands sought his help. Cayce offered guidance both to persons in attendance and to distant correspondents; he supposedly needed only the person's name and address. Allegedly drawing upon a "cosmic hall of records," Cayce revealed "facts" about mythical civilizations, astrological influences, "past lives," and future events. In The Outer Limits of Edgar Cayce's Power (1971), Cayce's sons stated that the transcripts of the readings comprise over fifty thousand single-spaced typewritten pages and more than ten million words.
Five organizations have grown up around Cayce's work. The headquarters of the Association for Research and Enlightenment (A.R.E.), which occupies an entire city block in Virginia Beach, is home to Atlantic University, the Cayce/Reilly School of Massotherapy, the Edgar Cayce Foundation, the Health and Rejuvenation Center, and A.R.E., Inc.
According to its 1993-94 catalog, Atlantic University opened in 1930, closed two years later, and reopened in 1985. Although not accredited, it awards a master of arts degree in "transpersonal studies"-a term described in the catalog as "an interdisciplinary field which includes psychology, philosophy, sociology, literature, religion, and science." The courses cover astrology, dream work, I Ching, Jungian psychology, palmistry, psychometry, tarot, and processes to "balance and transform" human "energies." Students may pursue the master's degree largely by correspondence.
The Reilly School, which operates under the auspices of the university, was founded in 1931 and reopened in 1986. Certified by the Commonwealth of Virginia, the school offers a 600-hour diploma program in massage therapy. The program includes instruction in shiatsu, foot reflexology, hydrotherapy, diet, and preventive healthcare based on the Cayce readings. The school also offers workshops on biofeedback and Cayce home remedies.
The Edgar Cayce Foundation, chartered in 1948, was formed to preserve the Cayce readings and supporting documentation.
The A.R.E., which Cayce's son Hugh Lynn Cayce co-founded in 1931, functions as an eclectic "New Age" nerve center, from which emanates a steady flow of seminars and publications. A 1991 brochure describes it as "a living network of people who are finding a deeper meaning in life through the psychic work of Edgar Cayce." In 1976, Hugh Lynn became board chairman and his son, Charles Thomas Cayce, became president. The A.R.E. headquarters, a modern three-story building in Virginia Beach, includes a visitor/conference center, a library, and the A.R.E. bookstore. It receives more than forty thousand visitors and conference attendees annually. With more than fifty thousand volumes, the library has one of the world's largest collections of parapsychological and metaphysical literature.
Standard A.R.E. membership costs $30 per year, but nine-month "introductory" memberships are available for $15 or $20. Members receive the bimonthly magazine Venture Inward and can borrow books from the A.R.E. Library, join a study group, and attend or send their children to A.R.E.'s summer camp in the Appalachian foothills. They are also entitled to referrals to over four hundred practitioners who use the Cayce approach. In September 1992, an A.R.E. representative informed me that membership was approximately 39,000, plus about a thousand subscribers.
Members are also invited to participate in "home research projects," in which they perform activities pertaining to such matters as astrology and numerology and report the results. Participation is free for some projects, but others cost from $17 to about $30 per person. A 1991 issue of the Home Research Project bulletin states: "The main commitment of A.R.E. as a research organization is to encourage you to test concepts in the Cayce readings and to look for-and expect-results." Study groups center on such concerns as diet, the laws of reincarnation (karma), metaphysical dream interpretation, and the spiritual legacies of ancient Egypt and Atlantis. According to an A.R.E. letter, "Thousands gather together in small groups all over the country to study and apply spiritual principles in daily living." A.R.E. mailings to prospective members state: "There is no human problem for which the Cayce predictions do not offer hope." A.R.E. "research reports," based on the Cayce readings, are available on a wide variety of topics, including scar removal, warts, arthritis, diabetes, and multiple sclerosis.
Each year, A.R.E. holds dozens of conferences in Virginia Beach and various other cities. They have covered such subjects as angels, astrology ("the key to self-discovery"), chakra healing, "intuitive healing," reincarnation, UFOs, weight control, and "holistic" financial management. A flyer for a 1992 "psychic training" seminar states: "You are already psychic. . . . You only need to become aware of it!"
Many of Cayce's remedies are sold through the mail by Home Health Products, Inc., also in Virginia Beach. Home Health specializes in "natural products for a holistic approach to health care" and bills itself as an "official supplier of Edgar Cayce products for health, beauty, and wellness." Its own products include skin conditioners, laxatives, and a few supplements, but its catalog also offers supplements made by other companies. Products advertised therein have included: (1) ANF-22, touted as "powerful relief from the pain, swelling and stiffness of arthritis"; (2) Aphro "Herbal Love Tonic"; (3) Bio Ear, said to provide "all-natural relief for ringing, buzzing, and noise in the ear"; (4) Brain Waves, described as a mental stimulant; (5) Cata-Vite (formerly Cata-Rx), said to be "a safe non-prescription formula which counteracts nutritional deficiencies associated with age-related cataracts"; (6) His Ease, alleged to "increase seminal fluid and sexual virility"; (7) Kidney Flush, claimed to "help flush away urinary infections"; (8) Liva-Life, for "toxic overload"; (9) Liver Tonic Detoxifier, "an all-natural mixture that detoxifies and cleanses the liver"; (10) Prostate Plus, proposed as an alternative to surgery; (11) Ribo Flex, "muscle/joint nourishment that reduces painful muscle spasms and enhances natural flexing action"; (12) Sugar Block, said to "prevent absorption of unwanted sugar"; (13) Thyro-Vital, claimed to "improve thyroid function"; (14) Jerusalem Artichoke Capsules, an Edgar Cayce product described as "a natural equivalent to insulin injections"; and (15) Mummy Food (nuggets composed of figs, dates, and cornmeal). The Winter 1992 catalog states: Heritage Store
Mummy Food has a fascinating history. In a dream that Edgar Cayce had concerning the discovery of ancient records in Egypt, a mummy came to life to help him translate these records. This mummy gave directions for the preparation of food that she required, thus the name "mummy food.". . . For particular individuals [Cayce] stated that it was "almost a spiritual food."
The company's brochure states: "In addition to changes in diet, Edgar Cayce frequently recommended specific remedies and treatments. Many of these had to be custom-formulated from herbs, oils, and other naturally occurring substances." An A.R.E. videotape describes Cayce's home remedies, a collection of sixteen methods that include: castor-oil packs ("to help with arthritis, colds, gallstones, ulcers, and more"), peanut-oil massages ("to prevent arthritis"), potato poultices ("to relieve tired or strained eyes"), castor-oil liniments ("to remove warts"), and coffee-ground foot baths ("to soothe sore feet and improve circulation in the legs").
The A.R.E. Bookstore, which sells direct and by mail, features many books by or about Cayce, including The Complete Edgar Cayce Readings on CD-ROM, priced at $500. It also carries a large selection of uncritical books and videotapes on paranormal and supernaturalistic topics, including guardian angels, "magic" flower remedies, "money magnetism," Japanese astrology ("nine star ki"), the souls of animals, chakras, the "human energy field," reincarnation, crystal healing, the healing "art of bioenergy," and the "healing power of prayer."
Another item sold by the bookstore is the Physician's Reference Notebook, by William A. McGarey, M.D., and associates. The book offers treatment recommendations based on the Cayce readings for over fifty diseases and conditions, including baldness, breast cancer, color blindness, diabetes, hemophilia, hydrocephalus, leukemia, multiple sclerosis, muscular dystrophy, stroke, stuttering, and syphilis. The Notebook also states:
In 1970, William A. McGarey, M.D., and his wife, Gladys Taylor McGarey, M.D., founded the A.R.E. Clinic in Phoenix, Arizona. According to Medical World News, they opened the facility to offer "comprehensive care to patients seeking holistic medical alternatives." In 1989, Gladys McGarey resigned as clinic co-director and set up the Scottsdale Holistic Medical Group in Scottsdale, Arizona, with their physician-daughter.
A founding member of the American Holistic Medical Association, William McGarey is currently board chairman of the clinic. In an interview in Health Talks (1989), he said that the clinic had a staff of forty-five or fifty persons, including five physicians (one an osteopath), a chiropractor, and a psychologist with a doctoral degree. An advertisement for the clinic in the January/February 1992 issue of East West Natural Health names two naturopaths.
In the Health Talks interview, McGarey denied any conflict or contradiction between his Cayce-based practices and his medical education. "The philosophy behind the A.R.E. clinic," he said, "is that everyone is a whole human being . . . created in the image of God." According to McGarey, the clinic consists of a general practice, a "brain injury center," and an "energy medicine center that looks at the biomagnetic energies of the body." The clinic offerings include "electromagnetic field therapy," relaxation training, the laying on of hands, and the residential Temple Beautiful Program. McGarey described this as an eleven-day "rejuvenation program" that includes dream analysis, stress reduction, visualization, biofeedback, exercise, nutrition, and supplementation. A 1991 brochure stated that the program had been conducted more than two hundred times over the past decade, accommodates ten to fifteen participants, and costs $4,100. In 1990, the clinic began offering telephone consultations, which cost $50 per session of fifteen to sixty minutes.
In Health Talks, McGarey lamented: "When doctors fail to recognize the spiritual aspect of the human being, they miss the most important part." When one recognizes our destiny as "getting back to our spiritual origin," he said, "there is a different kind of emphasis on healing; you do not get tied up with modalities. Healing is more of a spiritual event." McGarey also stated that when treating someone, "we cannot consider ourselves as the healer. We are only the . . . channel of the Great Healer." In Edgar Cayce Remedies, McGarey advocates application of potato poultices to the eyes for cataracts, monthly "high-colonic" enemas for angina pectoris, and castor-oil packs for epilepsy and cat bites.
Parapsychology popularizer Hans Holzer, Ph.D., has called Cayce the "greatest of all dietetic healers." In Beyond Medicine, he writes: "Edgar Cayce abundantly made clear in his writings [that] certain combinations of foodstuffs are chemically incompatible in the human system [and] can create damage or at the very least ill health." Holzer gives two examples: coffee should be taken black or with hot milk, but not with cold milk; and tea with sugar, especially white sugar, can damage the liver, while tea with honey does not.
According to an A.R.E. Clinic chart: (1) eighty percent of one's daily food intake should consist of fruits and fruit juices, vegetables, water, and herbal teas; (2) twenty percent should consist of dairy products (including whole milk and butter), whole-grain breads, high-fiber cereals (including granola), honey, soups, fowl, lamb, and fish; (3) one serving about three times per week should suffice for beef, brown rice, oils, potatoes with skin, cheese, eggs, spices, gelatin products, and desserts (e.g., ice cream); and (4) fried foods, alcohol, pasta, white bread, pork, and "processed foods" should be avoided-except "crisp bacon," which may be eaten occasionally.
Edgar Cayce on Diet and Health offers the following advice to "normal," healthy people who are not overweight:
The effect on our society of nonsense as diverse, intricate, and profuse as that of the Edgar Cayce tradition is incalculable. As far as I know, however, no study has been conducted to determine the extent to which Cayce advocates follow his advice or what impact their practices have on their lives. Neither has it been determined whether they seek appropriate medical intervention when it is needed. The A.R.E. dietary philosophy -- derived from Cayce's "psychic readings" -- is nebulous, internally contradictory, and possibly conducive to chronic confusion.
Actually, unreason permeates all forms of vitalistic "healing."